Extract anti oxidant and liver protecting qualities,fungus induces apoptosis in liver cancer lines
Antrodia camphorata is a highly valued polypore mushroom native to only Taiwan. These orange-red to brown-red colored mushrooms are very bitter in taste with a camphor aroma. The mushroom grows only on one species of rainforest tree that is also native only to Taiwan, Cinnamomum kanehirai, usually in hollow areas of the trunks of mature trees. The host tree is related to the Camphor tree and contains highly aromatic oils. In Taiwan, this endemic tree species is highly valued for manufacturing furniture.
The tree is becoming increasingly rare and is now protected by the government. Consequently, it has become increasingly difficult to find Antrodia fruitbodies in the forest and the price for high-quality fruitbodies has increased dramatically.
Scientists have recently developed techniques to culture the mycelia of this mushroom in submerged liquid culture and also with Solid State Fermentation (SSF) methodologies. Both the fruitbodies and mycelia have been proven to contain powerful, medicinally-active compounds.
Golden Gourmet Mushrooms, Inc. is the first company in the West to successfully cultivate the mycelia of this unique species.
Known Active Constituents:
Medicinal Properties and Modes of Actions:
Antrodia is well-known and highly valued as a medicinal mushroom in Taiwan, but it is relatively unknown outside of Taiwan and virtually unknown in the Western world.
In Traditional Taiwanese Medicine, Antrodia is commonly used as a anti-cancer, anti-itching, anti-allergy, and liver protective drug.
Scientific research has also shown that the mushroom can be useful in the treatment of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension, hepatitis, and many types of cancers including liver, lung, cervical, colon, and breast cancers and also leukemia and adenoma.
Recent research from Taiwan has shown that Antrodia camphorata crude extract (ACCE) does indeed have strong activity against prostate, breast and bladder cancer. Kuan-Chou Chen et al. (2007) found that it inhibits prostate cancer cells and concluded that Antrodia camphorata due to its nontoxicity, might be used as a good adjuvant anticancer therapy for prostate cancers. Chiumg-Chi Peng et al. (2007) found that ACCE showed rather significant inhibitory effects on the growth and proliferation of invasive transitional bladder cell carcinomas cells. You-Cheng Hsu et al. (2006) reported that Antrodia exerts growth inhibition on highly-invasive estrogen-nonresponsive human breast cancer cells through apoptosis induction associated with COX-2 inhibition. Chen, Kuan-Chou et al. 2007. Unique Formosan mushroom Antrodia camphorata differentially inhibits androgen-responsive LNCaP and independent PC-3 prostate cancer cell. Nutrition and Cancer 57(1): 111-121.